Nosso especialista certificado em imigração conseguiu obter a aprovação do USCIS para seus clientes empresariais que buscam aumentar o capital do EB-5. Michael Harris representou os Centros Regionais do EB-5, que buscam levantar entre US $ 8 milhões em capital e US $ 250 milhões para uma variedade de projetos do setor.
Como usar o programa EB-5 para seu projeto. Um desenvolvedor de negócios tem duas opções quando procura usar o Programa de Investidor Imigrante EB-5 para desenvolver e financiar seus projetos: (1) um Investimento Direto EB-5, ou (2) um investimento financiado pelo Programa Centro Regional EB-5. Decidir qual opção usar como parte de sua pilha de capital tem vários prós e contras. Ambos podem permitir que você ofereça a um investidor estrangeiro a possibilidade de obter um green card em troca de sua contribuição de capital para o seu negócio. A principal diferença entre as duas opções se resume às metodologias usadas e às restrições de tempo afetadas pela criação de empregos. Isso ocorre porque somente um Centro Regional EB-5 pode criar empregos indiretamente com base nas despesas e receitas de um projeto, bem como na induzido spending on the local economy, as predicted by an economic impact study. If a project is not affiliated with an EB-5 Regional Center, then it may still benefit from EB-5 capital—but it may only rely on direto empregos.
O que é um Centro Regional EB-5??
A “Regional Center” is a company that has been approved by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to focus on a specific geographical area within the United States by seeking to promote economic growth through improved regional productivity, creation of new jobs, and increased domestic capital investment. A project which is affiliated with an Regional Center can utilize the direct jobs created by the commercial enterprise, as well as the indirect and induced jobs created according to a reasonable economic impact study’s prediction. Further, the project has the option of only relying on the indirect jobs created, which can be a tremendous benefit to large commercial enterprises by not having to rely on direct jobs (and the large volume of employment and tax records needed).
A capital investment made under the EB-5 Regional Center is funded through a commercial enterprise located within a ?regional center,? which is defined as ?any economic unit, public or private, which is involved with the promotion of economic growth, including increased export sales, improved regional productivity, job creation, or increased domestic capital investment.? To be able to use the benefits of an EB-5 Regional Center, an applicant must first seek USCIS approval by submitting a proposal showing how it plans to focus on a geographical region and industry or industries within the United States and achieve the required growth by the means specified. The proposal must show ?in verifiable detail how jobs will be created,? as well as the amount and source of capital committed and the promotional efforts made and planned.
In summary, the USCIS will require a Regional Center proposal to show the kinds of commercial enterprises that will receive capital from investor; the jobs that will be created directly or indirectly as a result of the investment of capital; the other positive economic impacts that will result from the investment of capital; whether the Regional Center’s project is located within a government-defined Targeted Area of Employment or TEA (e.g. a U.S. Census-defined metropolitan statistical area (MSA) where the unemployment is at least 150% of the national average, or in a ?rural? area that is outside an MSA and has a population of less than 20,000 people); and the management plans for the Regional Center (once approved and receiving EB-5 Investor capital) to oversee its annual reporting requirements.
Para preparar uma proposta do Centro Regional compatível com EB-5, o pedido de imigração geralmente exigirá a documentação do projeto (discutido abaixo), um estudo de impacto econômico, um plano de negócios abrangente e contratos de colocação privada sobre um projeto potencial real (projetos hipotéticos não exigirão um oferta de colocação privada inicialmente). Antes de iniciar uma proposta do Centro Regional, é altamente recomendável que um desenvolvedor de negócios faça a devida diligência para garantir a viabilidade de seu projeto. Outros níveis de due diligence também são aconselhados, como trabalhar com um advogado de imigração e um economista para estudar se o projeto levará a empregos diretos, indiretos e / ou induzidos o suficiente, além de avaliar se o projeto será localizado em um TEA.
Como um Projeto de Centro Regional é Diferente de um Projeto Direto EB-5??
Os requisitos para um Projeto Direto do EB-5 são muito semelhantes a um projeto que é afiliado a um Centro Regional. Os itens a seguir distinguem um projeto EB-5 Direct de um projeto do Centro Regional:
- Economic Impact Study. A direct project does não require an economic impact study as only direct jobs are allowed. The predicted job creation must be articulated in verifiable detail in a comprehensive business plan. When an investor seeks to petition the USCIS to remove the conditions on his or her residence, proof of the direct job creation will be documented with employment and tax records, as well as other documentation showing that the EB-5 capital was spent on the EB-5 project as planned.
- USCIS Pre-Approval. A direct project does not have to seek project pre-approval from USCIS. This may be beneficial for project owners who do not wish to wait the many months necessary for USCIS to adjudicate a new Regional Center. USCIS processing times for new Regional Center applications have varied between more than 4 months to 15 months — and this is before an investor’s petition based on a Regional Center project can be filed. This additional delay and expense may not always be in the best interest of a project owner’s desired timeline to commence work. Note that after a regional center has been approved, subsequent projects that are within the previously-approved geographic territory não pré-aprovação pelo USCIS. Portanto, uma pré-aprovação pode ser solicitada através de arquivamentos adicionais com o USCIS, se desejado, a fim de confirmar a elegibilidade e a confiança potencial do investidor.
- When Can Initial Investors File? A direct project can have its investors file their petitions immediately upon having a set of EB-5 compliant materials (e.g. a business plan, corporate documentation, and proof of the actual project’s imminent commencement). A Regional Center project is able to do the same for new projects only after the Regional Center has been approved.
- Rent Payments to a Regional Center. A direct project owner is not required to pay “rent” or fees to a Regional Center to obtain EB-5 capital. (Note that this is não true for project owners who own their Regional Center.) Regional Centers tend to charge a fee for participants to utilize their designation. This may range from a combination including an amount per investor, a signup fee, a percentage of the EB-5 funds borrowed through the regional center, and even a part of the project owner’s equity stake in the enterprise.
- USCIS Annual Report. A direct project owner is not currently required to submit an annual report on all of its EB-5 activities each year to the USCIS. Regional center owners are required to file an annual report prior to the end of the calendar year. Failure to file an annual report may lead to termination or revocation of a Regional Center’s designation.
- USCIS Filing Fee. A direct project owner does not have to pay a filing fee to have his project approved by USCIS. Each investor filing under the project will pay their own filing fee. A project seeking to fund through an existing USCIS-approved Regional Center will not need to pay a USCIS filing fee; the filing fee is only required when the Regional Center seeks its designation or if it needs to file an amendment with the USCIS.
- Investment Funds May Be Pooled. Both a Direct EB-5 project and Regional Center project may pool funds from a group of investors.
- Portfolio Funds Allowed. Both types of projects may allow investors to fund investments through portfolios, however a direct project will require a holding company to wholly own the underlying subsidiaries where job creation occurs.
- Minimum Investment of $500,000. Both types of projects allow for investments to be made in TEAs at a $500,000 amount per investor.
- Business Plan Required. Both types of projects must have a comprehensive business plan.
- Private Placement Offering Required for Pooled Funds. Both types of projects, if pooling funds together, should have a set of proper U.S. and State Securities Law compliant offering materials (e.g. Private Placement Memorandum, Limited Partnership Agreement, Subscription Agreement, Escrow Agreement, etc.).
Requisitos gerais do projeto
Em termos de uma aplicação do Centro Regional EB-5, quando tiver sido aprovado pelo USCIS, um candidato a investidor buscando o status EB-5 no programa poderá fazer o investimento qualificado (ou sejaUS $ 500.000 ou US $ 1 milhão) dentro de um Centro Regional aprovado. A exigência de criar pelo menos 10 novos empregos em tempo integral para trabalhadores qualificados nos EUA é atendida pela demonstração de que, como resultado do novo empreendimento, esses empregos serão criados direta ou indiretamente. Também é importante notar que sob orientação recente do USCIS, um projeto do Centro Regional EB-5 pode procurar utilizar trabalhos de construção como empregos diretos somente se eles devem durar pelo menos dois anos. Além disso, o projeto também pode optar por confiar somente em uma metodologia de criação de empregos econômica verificável e razoável que mostre que os gastos necessários do projeto ou a infusão na economia local resultarão na quantidade mínima de empregos indiretos ou induzidos.
In today’s marketplace for commercial loans and investment capital when traditional sources of funding may have become increasingly unavailable for industrial development, real estate, construction, and venture-capital-seeking businesses, the EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program has attracted great interest. Today, more businesses are choosing to seek EB-5 capital, whether through a Direct EB-5 project, by forming a Regional Center, or by having their project licensed by an existing Regional Center, in order to seek and attract the many thousands of foreign investors willing to invest at least $500,000 for the opportunity to secure a green card. At HarrisLaw, we have represented EB-5 Regional Center Projects which have sought EB-5 capital raises ranging from $10 million to $250 million. We also have represented smaller Direct EB-5 projects where the pooled funds sought were as little as $500,000. Our commitment to ensuring our clients success in the EB-5 program is dedicated, as shown through our membership in organizations such as IIUSA, the nation’s largest EB-5 industry trade association, the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA), as well as through Michael A. Harris’s certification by the Florida Bar as a specialist in Immigration and Nationality Law.
If you are interested, please Contate-Nos for more information and our office will be happy to discuss the EB-5 developer program with you.